… Competition at the range boundary in the slimy salamander: using reciprocal transplants for studies on the role of biotic interactions in spatial distributions Heather R. Cunningham, Leslie J. Rissler*, and Joseph J. Apodaca Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Box 870345 MHB Hall, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA Summary 1. Females may also use burrows as brooding sites. silvery-white or gold spots all over their body. The slimy has 15 to 17 (typically 16) costal grooves (vertical flanks along a salamander’s sides). Belly is lighter than the back and the tail is round. Northern Slimy Salamanders use burrows as refuges to escape hot, dry condition during summer months and for protection from predators. Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington. Jaeger, Robert G., Joseph, Raymond G., Barnard, Debra E. 1981. Similar Species: Cumberland Plateau and Southern Appalachian Salamanders may appear similar, but can possibly be ruled out by range distribution. This salamander lives in moist, Description. This dataset represents a species known range extent for Northern Slimy Salamander (Plethodon glutinosus) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. secretions it produces when threatened, which stick like glue Discover (and save!) While its conservation status is considered Secure by NatureServe, declines have been noted in all studied populations. Depending on the author, there may be as few as three species (Petranka, 1998) or as many as thirteen different species (Conant and Collins, 1991). When disturbed it secretes a wonderful glue that promptly sticks to anything that touches the animal, including your fingers, or the mouth of a garter snake. Slimy salamanders, as a group, were formerly classified as one species, with a range covering much of the eastern US. Found west of the Tennessee River in the Coastal Plain. Range number of offspring 6 to 36; Range time to hatching 2 to 3 months; Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female) 4 to 5 years; Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity (male) 4 to 5 years They have been taken together at one site in Polk County, Tennessee, without any evidence of … glutinosus complex, Savannah slimy salamanders have one of the smallest distributions. by J.D. This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. They have approximately 16 costal grooves. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: AnAge, UMICH, Max Planck, PanTHERIA, Arkive, UKC, AKC. Habitat: Beneath rocks, logs, and forest litter in woodland habitats; occasionally around cave … White-spotted Slimy, Mississippi Slimy, and Northern Slimy Salamanders are virtually indistinguishable, and make up the Slimy salamander complex. Willson. Males are not easily distinguished from females, though females tend … It is usually 12–17 cm (4.7–6.7 in) in total length (including tail), but can grow to 20.6 cm (8.1 in). This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. Photos by J.D. Habitat/Range : Slimy salamanders are entirely terrestrial. This dataset represents a species known range extent for Ocmulgee Slimy Salamander (Plethodon ocmulgee) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. Conservation Status: Slimy Salamanders are common throughout However, through genetic testing, the species has been divided into 13 different species, collectively called the Plethodon glutinosis complex. Adults will often forage at the mouth of the burrow and ambush passing prey. It is endemic to the United States, where it is distributed throughout the Southeastern United States from southeastern Virginia to northern Georgia. is round and its venter is grayish black or slightly lighter than 6.75 in (17 cm), with blackish-blue color and scattered They mature in Start­ing in cen­tral New York and the south­ern tip of Wis­con­sin, the range cov­ers much of the east­ern seaboard, mov­ing south­ward to cen­tral Florida and the Gulf coast and … 16 costal grooves, although may range from 15 to 17. 2009. During the breeding season male Feb 1, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Rachel Joffey. Pertinent References: Its tail Nasolabial grooves present. That’s probably how it got the “snot” part of the name “snot otter.” But it’s definitely not an otter! eastern North America, except for southern Florida, including the dorsum. The northern slimy salamander is typically an overall black in color, with numerous silvery spots or gold spots across its back. by range. The Atlantic Coast slimy salamander (Plethodon chlorobryonis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. South Carolina slimy salamanders (Plethodon variolatus) occur in the Southern Coastal Plain Physiographic Province of South Carolina and extreme southeastern Georgia. in territories. [2][3], "Comprehensive Report Species - Plethodon chlorobryonis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Atlantic_Coast_slimy_salamander&oldid=931469599, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2019, at 02:16. 13 separate species. species (P. glutinosus) but have recently been split into Salamanders range in size from the minute salamanders, with a total length of 2.7 cm (1.1 in), including the tail, to the Chinese giant salamander which reaches 1.8 m (5.9 ft) and weighs up to 65 kg (143 lb). Marbled salamanders (A. opacum) have about a dozen bold white or silver crossbars on back and tail, but sides are black and head is large. Southeastern Slimy Salamanders are common across their range. This dataset represents a species known range extent for Southeastern Slimy Salamander (Plethodon grobmani) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. Description: A large salamander (4.5 to 8.0 inches in length) having black dorsum with small, white or silver spots scattered over the body. The Slimy salamander gets its name from the slimy about 3 years. The tail accounts for half or more of the total body length, which ranges between 4.5 to 6.5 inches. Its habitat is largely restricted to bottomland hardwood forest. At its southern range limit, P. glutinosus shares a contact boundary in western Kentucky, Tennessee, and west‐central Alabama with the closely related Plethodon mississippi Highton 1989 (Mississippi slimy salamander) (Fig. their range and are not protected in our region or Federally. Within this range, there do not appear to be any federal or state properties that … REFERENCES: Cunningham, H. R., Rissler, L. J. Slimy salamanders get their name from the extremely sticky skin secretions that they use to deter predators. White-spotted slimy salamanders are sympatric at the eastern edge of the Blue Ridge isolate of southern gray-cheeked salamanders (P. Its tail is round and its venter is grayish black or slightly lighter than the dorsum. A large (7 inches; 17.8 cm) and stocky salamander. Description: Slimy Salamanders were once considered one Black in color and speckled with white or yellowish white spots. White-spotted Slimy, Mississippi Slimy, and Northern Slimy Salamanders are virtually indistinguishable, and make up the Slimy salamander complex. and Canada. The neotype was collected at an elevation of 6 m in Berkeley County, South Carolina. Much of the area within the range of southeastern slimy salamanders historically was covered with savanna and prairie, and in these areas they are rare or absent. Foraging tactics of a terrestrial salamander: sustained yields your own Pins on Pinterest This dataset represents a species known range extent for Western Slimy Salamander (Plethodon albagula) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. The entire range of this salamander is contained within Burke, Jefferson, and Richmond counties. Breeding season White-spotted slimy salamanders breed from late spring to summer. forage for invertebrate prey. Discover How Long Slimy Salamander Lives. all of South Carolina and Georgia. The slimy salamander complex is a group of large eastern woodland salamanders, with adults commonly reaching lengths of up to 6.75 inches (17 cm). Slimy salamanders are large salamanders, reaching They all look similar and are best differentiated This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. Most, however, are between 10 and 20 cm (3.9 and 7.9 in) in length. on the chin, which they use to stimulate the female. 1980). SLIME TIME Yup, that’s right—slimy! This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. Slimy salamanders are found in most mesic wooded situations in both upland and lowland areas, with the exception of high elevation coniferous spruce-fir forests in the mountains (King 1939, Martof et al. White-spotted slimy salamanders breed once every other year. In North Carolina, these salamanders are most abundant in moist forest floor habitats in deciduous forests but may be found in pine forests, bottomland hardwood forests, and caves. A hellbender can ooze gooey slime from its skin. White-spotted slimy salamanders are widely sympatric throughout the range of Blue Ridge gray-cheeked salamanders. Petranka, James W. 1998. The tail also is cylindrical (distinguishing it from the laterally flattened tail of the similar-looking Jefferson and blue-spotted salamanders). Northern Slimy Salamanders have a largely parapatric range with Tellico Salamanders. They breed Tellico Salamander has a separate range and Cumberland Plateau Salamanders are smaller and have a light chin. There is no evidence of hybridization between these species (Highton and Peabody, 2000). Animal Behavior 29(4): 1100-1105, Account Author: Anna Tarter, University of Georgia - revised Competition at the range boundary in the slimy salamander: using reciprocal transplants for studies on the role of biotic interactions in spatial distributions. The Atlantic Coast slimy salamander (Plethodon chlorobryonis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. and are hard to get off. The tail is round in cross-section. Slimy salamanders are large salamanders, reaching 6.75 in (17 cm), with blackish-blue color and scattered silvery-white or gold spots all over their body. & Apodaca, J. J. This salamander gets its name from a glue-like secretion it emits from glands in its skin as a defense against predetors or when disturbed. terrestrial salamanders share this species’ range. Salamanders of the United States Northern Slimy Salamander Plethodon glutinosus Background The northern slimy salamander is a medium-large sized member of the “lungless” salamander family (Plethodontidae). Skin will create a sticky or slimy secretion when animal is handled. annually, depositing about 6-36 eggs under logs or dirt in the This dataset represents a species known range extent for Savannah Slimy Salamander (Plethodon savannah) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. It is largely distributed along the Atlantic coastal plain, although it enters the Piedmont in Virginia and South Carolina and enters the Blue Ridge Mountains in Georgia. They all look similar and are best differentiated by range. adult Slimy Salamanders, unlike females, have a large mental gland Mole salamanders A. talpoideum) are plump and plain brown to black with occasional light flecking. summer or early fall. 1). This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. The slimy sala­man­der has an ex­ten­sive range through­out the east­ern and cen­tral United States. Southern Appalachian Salamander usually has fewer and smaller white spots on back and sides. debris, or in burrows during the day and come out on moist nights Journal of Animal Ecology, 78, 52-62. It is endemic to the United States, where it is distributed throughout the Southeastern United States from southeastern Virginia to northern Georgia. and young do not have an aquatic larval stage. Trunk, limbs and tail Habits: Slimy Salamanders prefer to stay under logs, stones, Southeastern slimy salamanders do not require pristine habitats or old-growth forests and are often found under discarded rubbish. A hellbender’s slime may keep the salamander from being scratched by rough rocks. Willson unless otherwise noted. 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